The boom in organic production in Spain is already a reality if we take into account that 10% of the useful agricultural area is already organic. In fact, over the past five years, the area has increased by 21 per cent according to the latest data published by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. It is also in wine.
When we talk about organic food, we always tend to think about fruit and vegetables. But far from the reality, there are other more predominant organic crops such as the olive sector or cereals. Another type of cultivation that also has an important weight in organic production is that of vineyards. In fact, Spain is the world’s leading producer of organic wine with an area of more than 130,000 hectares.
The Spanish wine sector has been able to adapt to trends in the food market, which is moving towards a sustainable system. Moreover, the Spanish Wine Federation (FEV) itself created about ten years ago the Wineries for Climate Protection (WfCP), an environmental accreditation that establishes the criteria that a sustainable winery should meet.
In this sense, the star product of these accredited wineries are known as organic wines. The grapes of this type of drink have been grown ecologically without any use of agrotoxics either on the ground or in the vineyards. They are an option free of fungicides, pesticides and herbicides. In addition, they also take into account the use of renewable energy or the use of natural resources throughout their production process.
Among the organic wines there is the variable of biodynamic wines. In this case, the vineyard is considered a living being and, as such, it works to develop its own defenses against diseases, microbes and insects. In this sense, the stars are considered to have a direct influence on the earth. That is why we follow a biodynamic calendar that takes into account the influence of the moon on the crop.
In either case, «to identify it, you must seek the green seal certification that proves that it is an organic product whose production has followed the criteria set by the European Union», explains Eduard Martínez, Purchasing Director of Herbolario Navarro, company that bets on the sale of this type of wines in their establishments.
When talking about organic wines, the work in the vineyards for their production is more expensive since the works are done by hand or on horseback. This translates into more authentic wines with personality, which represent a return to the origins, to the tradition of producing sustainable wine that does not damage the land.